Introduction

“A City of Hope & Love E. ST. Louis,” my first panel, has different aspects to it. The top half of the panel symbolizes the hopeful, perfect city perspective, while the bottom half illustrates the polluted, broken city. The colors sky blue, banana yellow, and deep green add a level of hopefulness to the panel, while the colors midnight black, concrete grey, and navy blue add a level of brokenness to it throughout Saint Louis, Missouri. Panel one is focused more on an entire city, putting it into a broad category. Whereas my second panel titled “Todd Allen Hartman,” portrays a more specific topic, focusing on a single person. My second panel has a memorial feel to it due to the incorporation of facts about the victim, Todd Allen Hartman. The panel, ”Todd Allen Hartman,” consists of memories, quotes, and symbols to help identify whom Todd was growing up and as an adult. The simplicity of the colors and the layout of both panels intrigued me. I asked myself, what is the story behind this panel? Did HIV/AIDS mentally or emotionally affect the victims? Were there social support groups for the victims to go to for emotional help?

Though my two panels have macro and micro levels of differences, both panels are a part of The NAMES Project Foundation. My idea of how was life for individuals with HIV/AIDS like for both panels correlated with one another. My research of both panels led me to categorize the sources I found into a regional, historical, and medical group. My findings turned me towards the evolution of the HIV/AIDS diagnosis and the openmindedness support from a few specific regions regarding people that have HIV/ AIDS and those that identify their self as either lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.

Bibliography

Crystal, Stephen and Robert C. Kersting. “Stress, Social Support, and Distress in a Statewide Population of Persons with AIDS in New Jersey.” Social Work in Health Care, vol. 28, no. 1, 01 Jan. 1998, pp. 41-60. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.gsu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=swh&AN=65257&site=eds-live&scope=site.

Stephen Crystal and Robert C. Kersting wrote the article “Stress, Social Support, and Distress in a Statewide Population of Persons with AIDS in New Jersey,” focusing on the effects of stress, social support, and health status has on people living in New Jersey. The evidence for this article is based on face to face interviews. The purpose of this article is to try and minimize the level of stress and isolation for people with AIDS. The intended audience is specifically for people that have AIDS. Family members and friends of people with AIDS can also benefit from reading the article to prevent any more mental and physical damage to the victim.

This source is perfect for my second panel. The victim, Todd Allen Hartman, moved around his entire life, but his childhood memories consisted of him living in New Jersey. Todd was active in extra circular activities, but the Gay Alliance of Rutgers University was his main get away. He was the president of the organization and met some longtime friends. Social support, distress, and family involvement can do wonders for personal health over time. The reason I pursued this article is that the title was concise as to what I needed to fit into my research.

Picture of Todd Hartman

Cunningham, Shayna, et al. “The Role of Structure Versus Individual Agency in Churches’ Responses to HIV/AIDS: A Case Study of Baltimore City Churches.” Journal of Religion & Health, vol. 50, no. 2, June 2011, p. 407. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10943-009-9281-7.

Shayna Cunnigham and other authors with a doctorate contributed to the article titled, “The Role of Structure Versus Individual Agency in Churches’ Responses to HIV/AIDS: A Case Study of Baltimore City Churches,” giving an insight on how victims with HIV/AIDS were treated in churches in Baltimore. This article is formatted with facts, dates, and data to back up the findings. The contributors wanted the treatments of the churches to be known to all of the public and to address to the people that not every leader is a cold-hearted individual. The intended audiences are researchers and scientists. Besides science-based individuals, church members could also benefit from reading the article and hopefully lending a helping hand to those in need regardless of their difference of opinions.

This article fits perfectly into my research for my first panel. The two nuns that went out of their way to help those affected with HIV/ AIDS were a member of the church, but they left to help those in need. This article proves that even though church members are not doctors, they can still provide aid to those in need through other ways. Reading the article was interesting because when others were isolating the gay community, some churches were opening their doors.

East St. Louis: One City’s Story. “Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis,” 14 July 2016, https://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/bridges/winter-20022003/east-st-louis-one-citys-story.

The Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis takes on more of an economical look throughout the history of Saint, Louis, due to the isolated landscape because better opportunities opened elsewhere; however, the city is flourishing slowly with new housing and stores. This page addresses the fallbacks of the past with utility problems and lack of industries but also discussed the comeback due to investors and organizations involvement. The purpose for such an economical viewpoint is to illustrate the unfortunate way of living but to address the community’s gradual growth towards a real, functional developmental living space. Due to the business aspect of this page, the intended audience is business investors who would like to be a part of the economy and to urbanize a city. However, this page entails historical, and city developmental insight, people interested in politics and legal topics can also benefit from the information presented.

This source, concretely, ties with the city of Saint, Louis, giving a real history of just how poor the city was. While the city is still impoverished, the changes since the 1960s have been impactful. The areas that once were deserted are now growing with businesses and organizations. The community is slowly coming together through cultivated programs, investors, and university programs. The Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis helped me see the obstacles the residents of Saint Louis had and still have to face.

Galletly, Carol L., et al. “New Jersey’s HIV Exposure Law and the HIV-Related Attitudes, Beliefs, and Sexual and Seropositive Status Disclosure Behaviors of Persons Living with HIV.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 102, no. 11, Nov. 2012, pp. 2135-2140. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2012.300664.

Carol L. Galletly, JD, Ph.D., and three other authors with a Ph.D. contributed to the article, “New Jersey’s HIV Exposure Law and the HIV- Related Attitudes, Beliefs, and Sexual and Seropositive Status Disclosure Behaviors of Persons Living with HIV,” explored the correlation among the HIV exposure law in New Jersey and the attitudes and interactions with people who are HIV positive. This article is part of a research journal. Therefore, the evidence is in research and practice form involving the methods used, the data collected, the measures taken, and the analysis formed. The research article also includes variable tables to record the data that was found. The overall reason for this research was to see if the exposure law reduced the sexual risk behavior among those that are HIV positive. The intended audience for this research is other researchers and scientists that are working on a similar project or those that only like to read research journals. I also feel as if college professors that teach a current issues class that relates to the human health might be intrigued with this article.

While this source provides information on the interaction of those that are HIV positive, this didn’t necessarily benefit me for my research for my artifact. This article talked about the impact the exposure law has had on the residents of New Jersey and the way the risks had either increased or decreased. The name of the titled interested me but didn’t precisely help me in my research on how HIV directly impacts a person.

Hanlon, Michael. HIV/AIDS: a timeline of the disease and its mutations. “The Telegraph,” Telegraph Media Group, 29 Nov. 2011, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/8920567/HIVAids-a-timeline-of-the-disease-and-its-mutations.html.

Michael Hanlon, a writer for The Telegraph, gives a timeline of the disease HIV/AIDS and its mutations that evolved starting with the period 30,000 BC and ending with 2011. Written in a timeline, the details in this article are factual, evidence-based writing, and in numerical order. The timeline provides more insight into the disease and how far back it came to harm living species, and its effect is still going on, even in the 21st century. Those directed to this site and article are those that are profoundly interested in news and health-related issues. Besides curious readers, medical occupants and pre-med students could also benefit from this source to find additional research information on HIV/AIDS.

This source gives me information on when HIV/AIDS first hit in the United States. A teenager, living in Missouri, died but it was 20 years later that the cause of his death was confirmed to be by AIDS. I also am informed about other cases of the disease impacting other parts of the world.

Hartman, Tracy. “Letter to The NAMES Project/New Jersey, 17 June 1992.” The Names Project Foundation Archives, Atlanta, Georgia. Accessed with permission 2018.

The letter is provided by the family of Todd Allen Hartman who descriptively narrates Todd’s life, personality, and interests he had as he was growing up. The letter consists of a full history of Todd, and a picture of Todd was also given. To let Todd’s story be told and to inspire others affected by losing someone with AIDS, the Hartman family gave the letter to the NAMES Project NJ. Since the letter is a part of the NAMES Project Foundation, the intended audience is researchers investigating on HIV/AIDS and the impact it has made all throughout history. Other than researchers, on a more personal level, families that are going through a loss of losing someone can find peace in knowing there is a way to see the good in every situation somehow.

This letter is the primary and most important source of my research. Because the family of Todd is the ones that wrote the letter, I got a very firm insight on what Todd was like as a kid and as an adult. I learned about his favorite hobbies, his level of education, and involvement in Rutgers University Gay Alliance. The letter shows how near and dear he was to everyone that he came into contact.

Kalichman, Seth C, et al. “Dimensions of Poverty and Health Outcomes among People Living with HIV Infection: Limited Resources and Competing Needs.” Journal of Community Health, vol. 40, no. 4, Aug. 2015, pp. 702-708. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10900-014-9988-6.

Seth C. Kalichman, Dominica Hernandez, Christopher Kegler, and three others are authors of the source, “Dimensions of Poverty and Health Outcomes Among People Living with HIV Infection: Limited Resources and Competing Needs,” addressing the harmful effects poverty has on HIV positive people relating to health status. The format for this article is scientifically researched based incorporating categories to list the methods, procedures, data, and the result constructed. The purpose of this research was to mention the harmful effects poverty has on the health status of those that are HIV positive such as food insecurity causes long-term harm to individuals overall health. Due to the facts and scientific approach, scientists and those studying how the lack of survival necessities impact humans overall health would find this article useful. Besides scientists and researchers, doctors wanting to participate in a medical experiment and have a medical breakthrough might also benefit from this article.

This article benefits my research because it helps my claim for those that are HIV positive are often isolated and left alone to fend for their self, causing them to go through many obstacles all alone. Poverty can happen to anyone, but the effects and harm it does are brutal. Poor living situations can cause a person’s mental, emotional and physical health to deteriorate. Everyone needs a support system and especially those that are often seen in society’s eyes as “different.”

“Queer Student Alliance of Rutgers University.”getInvolved, https://rutgers.campuslabs.com/engage/organization/qsa.

This website is affiliated with Rutgers University and promotes the involvement and membership of the gay community at Rutgers. This page is filled with a brief history of the organization, news, and contact information. The purpose of this page is to attract new members to the organization and be involved in the student body. Because it is the Queer Student Alliance, the audience is specific, those that are part of the LGBTQ community and go to Rutgers University, are the primary focus. I also feel as if other colleges could try and get a club similar to the Queer Student Alliance in their college to promote the open-mindedness and the right for every individual to live life freely.

The website for the Queer Students Alliance previously known as Rutgers University Gay Alliance is where Todd Allen devoted his time. He was the president of the organization. He also met many great friends with whom he continued to keep in touch with even after college. Many of his friends he had met moved from New Jersey to San Fransisco but Todd loved both San Fransisco and New York, so eventually, he would move back and forth every few years between the two.

Rectenwald, Miranda. AIDS in the Metro-East Area: The Politics of Treatment, Care, and Housing. “University Libraries,” Washington University in St. Louis, 3 Feb. 2017, https://library.wustl.edu/aids-metro-east-area-politics-treatment-care-housing/.

Author of “AIDS in the Metro-East Area: The Politics of Treatment, Caring, and Housing,” Miranda Rectenwald from Washington University of Saint Louis, talks about the treatment and care of people with AIDS in Illinois and Missouri. Rectenwald involves facts about lawsuits in Illinois that protected people with AIDS and the heroism of two Franciscan nuns serving to help treat those affected by AIDS. The purpose of this article is to address the ethical right to help those in need, especially with a disease such as AIDS. People that are into history are the perfect audience for this article due to the full writing that goes beyond just AIDS. Besides history majors, caretakers could benefit from this article, because of the treatment and housing aspect that is mentioned.

The mention of the two Franciscan nuns going out of their way to help people living with AIDS in Missouri fits perfectly into my research. The treatment, love, and care provided by the nuns and possibly many others, emphasizes the “…Hope & Love” portion of my first panel. The involvement of the two sisters shows that during the 1980s, there were some selfless people.

Rosen, Rebecca J. “A Glimpse Into 1970s Gay Activism.” The Atlantic, The Atlantic Monthly Group, 26 Feb. 2014, https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2014/02/a-glimpse-into-1970s-gay-activism/284077/.

Rebecca J. Rosen, a senior editor at, The Atlantic, wrote the article, “A Glimpse Into 1970’s Gay Activism,” to provide readers a timeline into history during the gay movement portraying the evolution and slight acceptance towards the gay community. This article consists of a press release from 1976 and a television program. Rebecca wants to bring out the change from the beginning of the activism to now, in the 21st century, emphasizing the growth that has come due to the movement. People that are into literature, political science read this magazine. However, I feel like business corporations or people that work in a business firm might understand and benefit from it to increase the involvement of people for a specific company.

This article was useful for my research because it consisted of facts and history relating to the Gay Activism. I can now get a stable foundation as to where and how the movement began and how long the gay community has been fighting for rights. The additional facts gave me an insight as to how and what was all being said around the 1970s.

The Red Ribbon. “World Aids Day Powered By Nat,” National AIDS Trust, 2016, https://www.worldaidsday.org/the-red-ribbon.

The page dedicated to AIDS is a funded organization that promotes the history of the AIDS with the Red Ribbon symbol. The organization’s homepage consists of history based information and supporting aspects to enlarge the Red Ribbon organization. The purpose of this page is to get people to buy the Red Ribbon and promote the AIDS cause. The intended audience for this page is people that are into social movements. However, candidates running for the presidency could also benefit from this page because their interest in a public cause may help get them, new voters.

This page helped me understand the meaning behind the Red Ribbon. Also, the symbol is a huge part of the panel “A City of Hope & Love E. ST Louis” because it directly relates to my artifact. The city of East Saint Louis is portrayed in the AIDS symbol implying the devastating impact the disease has made in that area.

AIDS Awareness Symbol

“The State University of New Jersey.” Rutgers, Rutgers, 2018, https://www.rutgers.edu/.

The website is educational and credible because it is the official website for Rutgers University that promotes the academic and athletic aspect of the college. Rutgers University allows a full insight into what kind of college it is; it provides history, requirements to be a student, and additional resources the university offers. The purpose of this website is to enlighten future students to be part of the university and commit to expanding their knowledge. Students such as incoming freshmen, transfer students, or even new faculty members in need of a job would read this website to get information as to what kind of college it is and what all it offers. Other colleges could also use this website to add additional resources to their campus and educational programs.

Rutgers University is not only a college website in which students use to apply to college with but it is an essential asset in my research. It is vital because Todd Allen Hartman graduated from Rutgers University with a bachelor of Arts studying English and Arts. The letter told me that Todd was into writing and was musically inclined. He was talented and enjoyed what he did and was active in activities at Rutgers University.

Vijaykumar, Santosh, et al. “Youth, New Media, and HIV/AIDS: Determinants of Participation in an Online Health Social Movement.” Cyberpsychology, Behavior & Social Networking, vol. 17, no. 7, July 2014, pp. 488-495. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1089/cyber.2013.0124.

Santosh Vijaykumar, Ricardo J. Wray, and five others are authors of the source “Youth, New Media, and HIV/AIDS: Determinants of Participation in an Online Health Social Movement” focusing what factors contribute to people engaging in online participation for HIV/AIDS, social movements, and online social networks causes. The format for this article is through the scientific method consisting of a plan, data, procedures, and results that were found. The data is portrayed through x, y, table. The purpose was to see what factors shape the participation of various groups when it comes to online engagement. To get more involvement, online organizations need more assessments to obtain more people. The intended audience is people that are looking to expand their group membership and participation. Other people such as surveyors could also find the information in this article useful in making a data chart of the growth in online social movements.

This source doesn’t correlate with my first or second panel. The statistical aspect is significant to be informed on, but it doesn’t give me an insight on HIV/ AIDS or anything relating to it. The only information I got from it was how there are a few youth social support groups that are trying to get the awareness out about HIV and AIDS. The article was heavily related to states and research in which I did not find it useful.