Appropriation– helps people to understand embedded messages the author conveys to the audience. (Guide, pg 336).

Citation– the act of citing or quoting a reference to an authority or a precedent. (Dictionary.com). This allows students to respectfully give credit to other works and not get deemed as a thief. It will enable others to think of you as someone who can rightfully cite and give credit to other work and not just take it. Also, if someone else wanted to read the book I quoted, it provides the audience with easier access to finding it.

Critical Thinking– is the act of objectively weighing information and evidence surrounding an issue to form an independent opinion or conclusion. Critical thinkers consider the context and reasons behind the information and are skilled at drawing connections between ideas. (Guide, pg 35-37).

Close Reading– is a path to critical thinking, is also called efferent reading. There are several elements to close reading, including Learn about the author, Skim the text, Explore your knowledge and beliefs on the subject, Reflect on the topic, Annotate, Outline, Freewrite about the text, Summarize the text.(Rose Lecture).

Curate– to pull together, sift through, and select for presentation, like music or website content. (Dictionary.com). 

Digital Literacy– means understanding digital technology. (Guide, 406).


Finding Aid in the context of archival science, is a document containing detailed information about a specific collection of papers or records within an archive. Are used by researchers to determine whether information within a collection is relevant to their research. (Wikipedia).

Global Revision- call our attention to similar facets of a composition such as purpose, audience, meaning or argument, organization, and supporting details. (Guide, pg 418).


Identifier is a language-independent label, sign or token that uniquely identifies an object within an identification scheme. (Wikipedia).

Jargon refers to a type of writing that is geared to a particular audience by generally including words that are only used within a particular field, discipline, or community. (Guide, pg 428).

Lexicon– From the Greek lexikon, meaning a book of language; lexis (words) and legein (to speak). We use it to mean words relevant to a field or topic. It also ensures that you have the language to speak to meaningfully in a discourse community. (Rose Lecture).


Material Culturethe aggregate of physical objects or artifacts used by a society. (Dictionary.com). 

Metadata describes other data. (techterms.com).

  • Descriptive data- may include elements such as title, description, author, and keywords. (metadata.emory.edu/guidelines/descriptive/index.html). 
  • Catalog data- belongs to a database instance and is comprised of metadata containing database object definitions like base tables, synonyms, views or synonyms, and indexes. (Techopedia.com). 

Pastiche– is similar to parody, but the remix merely uses some of the formal elements or content of the original. The purpose is to make an allusion to or homage to the original reference of admiration rather than mockery. (Guide, pg 337).

Prownian Analysis: is a method formed by Jules Prown that is used to identify and examine objects through detailed description. (Haltman,”Introduction”).


TaggingA tag is a keyword or phrase used to group a collection of content together or to assign a piece of content to a specific person. (Lifewire.com).

Thesis– a statement or theory that is put forward as a premise to be maintained or proved. (Oxford Living Dictionary). 

Thick Description– is a way of providing cultural context and meaning for people on actions, words, and things. This method allows enough context so that a person outside of a culture can make meaning of a behavior. (Paraphrase from Geertz).


Ubiquitymeans presence everywhere or in many places at the same time. (Guide, pg 331).

Visual Rhetoric– work on their own or in conjunction with written/ alphabetic texts, they work to move specific audiences to think or act differently. (Guide, pg 316).